Guide A Violent Death

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Violent death - definition of violent death by The Free Dictionary

Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. These data can be used to better understand the circumstances and toxicology of homicide and suicide victims by geography. A victim can have multiple circumstances reported in the data. Data can be used to identify classes of substances for which victims tested positive.

A victim can test positive for more than one substance class.

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Data are analyzed by ICD code. Data are for deaths occurring in Massachusetts; Massachusetts residents who died out-of-state are excluded from this analysis. Counts may differ from other data presented on homicides and suicides for Massachusetts. To protect individual privacy, counts less than six have been suppressed with complementary suppression applied.

If you would like to continue helping us improve Mass. Injury Prevention and Control Program. There were an estimated war related deaths with peaks in rates for both sexes among people aged 0—4, 15—29, and 60—69 years old. Conclusion —The number of violence related deaths in the world is unacceptably high. Coordinated prevention and control efforts are urgently needed. If we are to envision a less violent world, we must first understand how violent the world is.


The extent of global violence, however, has never been fully described. But now, with the availability of reliable estimates, it is possible to examine the impact of violence world wide. Such an analysis is timely, because violence has emerged as a global public health priority.

In , the World Health Assembly declared violence a leading global public health problem. The first step toward building the foundation necessary to control and prevent violence is describing the magnitude and nature of the problem. This study describes, for the first time, epidemiologic patterns of violence related mortality including homicide, suicide, and war for the world and its major regions. Archival data from The Global Burden of Disease series 3 are used to generate global estimates of age and sex specific and age adjusted rates of homicide, suicide, and war related deaths.

Most cross national research on homicide and suicide has relied upon data from countries with complete vital registration systems, which are primarily developed countries. Moreover, although war makes a substantial contribution to the global burden of health, there is little cross national epidemiologic research on the subject.

We analyzed four categories of violence related deaths including suicide, homicide, war, and overall violence. Violence can generally be defined as the threatened or actual use of physical force or power against another person, against oneself, or against a group or community, that either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, or deprivation.

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The first category is suicide E—E , defined as fatal self inflicted injuries specified as intentional. Unintentional firearm related deaths are traditionally analyzed separately from homicide but were included with homicide in our study because that is how the category was defined in The Global Burden of Disease series. However, the number of unintentional firearm related deaths is small compared with that of homicides.

For example, there were 82 homicides compared with unintentional firearm related deaths in 36 high and upper middle income countries during a one year period. Legal intervention E—E is defined as fatal injuries inflicted by law enforcement agents in the course of duty and legal execution. The data used in this study were derived from The Global Burden of Disease series. The methods used to estimate mortality data for each region are fully explained in volume one of The Global Burden of Disease series. However, estimates for China and India were calculated using sample registration data.

In China, the sample registration data are based on a single monitoring system of causes of death in a representative sample of counties called disease surveillance points covering 10 million people in rural and urban areas. Unlike China, the sample registration data used in India are from two separate systems used in urban and rural areas. For remaining regions, reliable mortality data were limited and not considered representative of the entire population.

To address this limitation, cause-of-death structures were used to estimate distribution of causes by age and sex for areas within these regions for which valid death registration data were unavailable that is, the residual areas. The first step was to estimate the total mortality rate in residual areas using the Lorenz curve method an equation that can be used to estimate the cumulative proportion of a population as a function of the cumulative proportion of deaths.

The Lorenz curve was used to estimate the population covered by areas with registration systems by inputting the percentage of regional deaths recorded in these areas. The deaths and population in each residual area was then determined by subtracting the estimated deaths and population for the registration areas from the regional totals for deaths and population. The all-cause mortality rate for each age and sex group in residual areas of each region was then calculated using these death and population estimates.

Once total mortality rates were estimated, probability models of cause-of-death structure were used to determine mortality for broad categories of causes for residual areas that is, communicable, maternal, perinatal, and nutritional conditions; non-communicable diseases; and injuries. The predicted estimates from the cause-of-death structure for residual areas were adjusted to reflect the deviation between the predicted and observed mortality patterns for registered areas.

To obtain more detailed information on causes of mortality, the distribution of deaths for age and sex specific causes within each of the broad categories were assumed to be the same as in registered areas. Information presented on the United States was drawn from two sources. We calculated crude and age adjusted rates of death per for each region for suicide, homicide, war, and overall violence.

Age adjusted rates were calculated using the standard world population. Sex rate ratios were also calculated for each region by dividing mortality rates for males by rates for females. Because violence related deaths in the United States have been described to differ from other high income countries, 12 we examined rates in the United States separately from other EME. Except where indicated, all rates were age adjusted.


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In , there were an estimated 1 violence related deaths Overall rates of violence related deaths ranged from In , an estimated 3. Suicide was the most frequent form of violent death followed by homicide and then war related deaths. The global risk of suicide was 1. Violence accounted for a greater proportion of total deaths in SSA than in any other region of the world table 2.

In , there were an estimated suicides The male to female ratio of suicides in the world was 1. Sex ratios for suicide were greatest in SSA 4. China is the only region where the rate of suicides was higher for females than males. Patterns in age specific suicide rates varied by sex and across regions fig 2. The suicide rates for these elderly females were highest in China Suicide rates for females in childbearing years were highest in China In fact, the suicide rates among females in childbearing years in India, OAI The highest suicide rates among these elderly males were in China In contrast to the peak in suicide rates for females in their childbearing years, male suicide rates generally increased with age.

In , there were an estimated homicides The male to female ratio of homicides in the world was 3.


Sex ratios for homicide were greatest in LAC 7. Patterns in age specific homicide rates varied greatly by sex and across regions fig 2. For example, the age specific homicide rate for females in the world was highest for 0—4 year olds 8. Among females, homicide rates for 0—4 year olds that is, infanticide rates were highest in China In addition to the high infanticide rates, there were sharp peaks in female homicide rates for 15—29 year olds in SSA Among the elderly, a unique pattern was observed in SSA where the female homicide rate was highest for women older than 70 years of age In contrast to the homicide patterns observed for females, the age specific homicide rate for males in the world was highest for 15—29 year olds Among males between the ages of 15—29 years, the highest rates were in SSA In LAC, however, the peak remained high for men between the ages of 30 and 44 Although male infanticide rates were generally not high in comparison with those in other age categories, the male infanticide rate in China 8.

In , there were an estimated war related deaths 9. Overall rates of war related deaths ranged from The male to female ratio of war related death rates in the world is 1.

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Sex ratios for war related deaths are not vastly different for those regions experiencing war: FSE 1. Patterns in age specific war related death rates do not vary greatly by sex in regions experiencing war fig 2. There were an estimated and war related deaths among females and males, respectively. The war related death rate for females in the world was highest for 0—4 year olds The highest war related death rates for these children were in SSA In addition to the high war related death rates for children, there were sharp peaks for women 15—29 and 60—69 years of age.

Similar to females, war related death rates for males peaked in 0—4, 15—29, and 60—69 year olds. The war related death rate for males in the world was highest for 15—29 year olds The highest war related death rates for males 15—29 years of age were in SSA These death rates were also high for males 0—4 year olds, especially in SSA This study describes the impact of violence related mortality on children, women, and men around the world. To our knowledge this is the first study to estimate rates of suicide, homicide, and war related deaths for the world and its major regions.

The data in this paper provide an important benchmark against which to compare future global estimates of violence related mortality. These data also help to place epidemiologic patterns from national and cross national studies of violence related mortality in a global perspective by allowing us to contrast such patterns with those for the world and it's major regions.

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In , there were an estimated 1 violence related deaths in the world, or on average people died daily as a result of violence. Suicides represented approximately Suicide is predominantly a problem of older males throughout the world. The primary risk factor for suicide, particularly among older males, is depression. In most regions of the world, the problem of suicide is greater for males than females. However, in China and India suicide rates among males and females were much more similar than in other regions. In fact, China was the one region of the world where the female suicide rate exceeded that of males.

We can see that life in Greenland is very sad indeed. Syria seems to be literally off the map.

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Let me stretch out the map so you can see this horror with full perspective. As you can see, the deaths in Syria are three times anywhere else. A beautiful country and people, laid terribly low.